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This guide contains information and resources on referencing and citations as well as tips on how to avoid plagiarism.

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What is Plagiarism?

It is the theft of ideas or of written passages or works, where these are passed off as one's own work without acknowledgement of their true origin; or a piece of writing thus stolen. Plagiarism is not always easily separable from imitation, adaptation, or pastiche , but is usually distinguished by its dishonest intention.

*Oxford Reference Online (emphasis by Lee Yen Han). 

The University's Policy on Plagiarism

A student shall not represent as the student’s own work all or any portion of the work of another.

Plagiarism includes but is not limited to:
a) Quoting oral or written materials including but not limited to those found on the internet, whether published or unpublished, without proper attribution.

b) Submitting a document or assignment which in whole or in part is identical or substantially identical to a document or assignment not authored by the student.

*It can be seen in Regulation 2.0 - Scope and Violations (Pp 2) of the AUST Student Handbook 

Some types of plagiarism are;

  1. The Ghost writer: The writer submits another's work like it belongs to him or her.

  2. The Photocopy: The writer takes a significant part of the text directly from a single source without any alteration.

  3. The Too-Perfect Paraphrase: The writer properly cites a source but neglects to use quotation marks for the copied work or phrase (could be copied word for word or a phrase). Even though the writer attributes the basic ideas to the source, he/she is falsely claiming original presentation and interpretation of the information.

  4. The Recycler/Self-stealer: This type refers to a case where the writer submits the same assignment more than once for different courses.